For a look at how the English language has changed over time, check out The Distance Machine.
The Distance Machine shows words in a selection of text that were unusual at a given point in time. The site is very easy to use. You can enter text of your own or choose a passage from some previously published work in the Google Books corpus. A slider allows you to choose a year from 1800 to 2014; words in the text are highlighted in different colors to show which are more common earlier, later, or both when compared to the given year.
You can also look up just one word to see its frequency of use. I tried the word “computer.” The word appeared slightly before 1950, peaked in around the mid-70s, and more or less leveled off in the 2000s (maybe as other devices such as laptops became popular?).
Sometimes a play on words is not only not funny, but in extremely bad taste. Driving through western Pennsylvania the other day, I passed a billboard that fits both categories. I didn’t have time to snap a photo myself, but someone else did.
Please click here to see what I mean.
I wonder how long that billboard has been up there and how long it will remain.
Today’s matching test includes some very esoteric words. I therefore issue no challenge to use them in your daily conversation unless you find yourself in some special circumstance and have to either impress or deflect someone with words. In that case, go to it!
haecceity a. to speak privately
collogue b. not able to be expressed in words
fungible c. the property of an object that makes it unique
quiddity d. able to be traded
ineffable e. the essence of a thing
Here’s the usual link to Dictionary.com, but since you might need further information about a few of the words (as I did), here’s another link that might help out. For yet more information, check out this page.
And, if you give up altogether, go watch a good movie. Check out Films to Consider for some suggestions!
Here is another round of words, this time motivated by the recent election season (and showing why I don’t get my news from political ads). All the words are adjectives that begin with the letter V. Try to keep these words and their emotional baggage OUT of your conversation this week!
Match the words on the left with the meanings on the right.
1. vitriolic a. malicious, spiteful
2. vindictive b. hateful, antagonistic, harsh
3. vituperative c. scathing, caustic, bitter
4. venomous d. stupid, lacking substance
5. virulent e. vengeful, spiteful
6. vacuous f. verbally abusive, censorious
The answers might seem almost interchangeable but aren’t. I tried not to give them away too much.
Also, sorry if the right column doesn’t line up right – I tried!
Check your answers on Merriam-Webster.com.
Here are some more unusual vocabulary words I’ve come across in my reading lately. Try to work them into your conversation this week:
extirpation a. light splash
obeisance b. ability to produce a desired outcome
efficacy c. total destruction
plash d. gesture or attitude of deference
maledict e. to utter a curse against someone
Check your answers on Dictionary.com.
Visit this link to read the winner of this year’s Bulwer-Lytton contest for the worst first sentence of an imaginary novel. Can you do better (worse) than that? Share your worst sentences via comments or enter them in next year’s contest.
Winners of previous contests can be found on the Bulwer-Lytton website.
Mnay plpeoe are flmiaair wtih the stugogesin taht ppeloe are albe to raed txet in wchih the leterts of the wdors are smrabecld, pidrevod taht the fsirt and lsat ltretes of the wodrs are in tehir poerpr paecls.
I hvae teird to latcoe inaotmorfin aubot the oanirigl raceersh taht was pomerferd at Crimgbade Usivnritey. Hevweor, to tihs pinot I hvae not fuond any scuh lknis.
Pelsae sned any rlaenvet imoiatofnrn (srory for any mesktias!).